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The Sacred Valley Of The Incas

The Sacred Valley Of The Incas

Duration 1 Day Altitude 2,980 masl Difficulty High Tour Guide Español / English VisitInca Site

Overview

Description

The journey to the Sacred Valley of the Incas in Cusco, Peru is just as amazing as the Inca Citadel of Machu Picchu. This extensive area surrounded by mountains, rivers and the most incredible nature was of great importance to the Incas. There they built temples, palaces and agricultural centers that survive to this day despite the passage of time. Proof of their ability to work stone are the archaeological sites of Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero and more.

Itinerary

Itinerary

We pick you up from your hotel in our private transport and then start with our guided visit to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, we will spend most of our tour surrounding the Vilcanota river and enjoying the panoramic view of this magical place.

The places to visit are:

  • Chinchero, it will be the first archaeological center to visit, it is located northwest of the city of Cusco, over 3762 meters above sea level. Chinchero, the most typical population of the Sacred Valley of the Incas, is a distinctly Inca town that the ambitious conquerors wanted to civilize in order to implant their culture, but never fully achieved it.

Its inhabitants inhabit almost intact Inca constructions, in the same place where their ancestors lived and formed the largest and most prosperous civilization in America.

Chinchero has a rich monumental and cultural heritage. It is one of the few places that conserves the Inca urban layout in a visible way. The remains of the Inca palace, the colonial church built on a stone base, its impeccable terraces and a colorful Sunday fair are its main attractions.

  • Moray, at first glance it looks like a kind of amphitheater. Moray is a concentric platform system, built in three gigantic holes located at different levels. The largest hole contains 12 circular terraces with varying diameters.

At the bottom of these holes there is a drainage system that prevents the storage of rainwater. What is striking is the mean annual temperature difference between the top and bottom of the depressions, which reaches approximately 15 ° C (59 ° F) in the main depression about 30 meters deep.

For scholars, Moray was possibly an Inca agricultural experimentation center, where cultivation experiments were carried out at different heights (seed production). Moray could have served as a model for the calculation of agricultural production not only in the Urubamba Valley but also in different parts of the Tahuantinsuyo (domestication of wild plants).

  • Salineras of Maras, known as “salt mines”, they consist of approximately 3,000 wells with an area of about 5 m² on average, built on one side of the slope of the “Qaqawiñay” mountain, which during the dry season are filled or irrigated every 3 days with salty water that emanates from a natural spring located in the upper part of the wells so that when the water evaporates, the salt contained in it gradually solidifies.

This process will continue for about a month until a considerable volume of solid salt is obtained, about 10 cm. high from the ground, which is subsequently beaten and thus grainy; the salt will then be bagged in plastic bags (categories) and sent to the markets of the region; Today that salt is being iodized so its consumption is not harmful.

The salt mines of Maras look like a white patch between the multicolored green of the Sacred Valley and the Urubamba mountain range. It is shiny and people work in silence. Then we will arrive to Urubamba (Lunch), always traveling near the Vilcanota River.

  • Ollantaytambo, located at an altitude of 2700 meters above sea level. Ollantaytambo is a compound Quechua word that derives from: “Ollanta” personal name of an Inca Captain whose story was kept as an oral and written tradition and as a drama by Antonio Valdez, priest of Urubamba, in the middle of the 18th century it was adapted for a play in 1780; and “Tambo” Spanish form of “Tanpu” city that offers lodging, food and comfort for travelers.

Ollantaytambo was a very important fortified city, built as a “tanpu” to enable roads to the “Antisuyo” (jungle). According to many historians also to allow the protection of the great capital of the Inca from the attacks of the “Antis” who were his worst enemies.

Today its name as “fortress” is common but inappropriate because it did not have a war duty, it was rather a complex city with a large urban sector and religious temples. The original names of the different sectors are unknown.

  • Pisaq o Pisac, It will be the last archaeological center to visit. The name “Pisaq” is genuine because it is recorded in some chronicles; Some scholars suggest that the pre-Hispanic city had the shape of a PISAQ or P’ISAQA, which means PERDIZ (a very abundant gallinaceous bird in this area).

Písaq combines mystical Inca constructions and the natural wealth of the Urubamba Valley. The cities were built on the basis of figurative lines of animals. Písaq, had the shape of a partridge, as its name indicates.

Today Pisac Arqueológico, is constituted as one of the most beautiful monumental centers of the valley since it combines the landscape with the impeccable finish of its constructions. We will also have time to visit the traditional market of Pisac; where we will have the opportunity to shop for handicrafts and souvenirs, we will enjoy their customs and traditions.

After Chinchero, we will return directly to the city of Cusco, arriving at approximately 19:00 hours.

End of our Services

Includes

Includes

  • Private transport
  • Specialized and bilingual tour guide
  • Lunch (Prior coordination)
  • First aid box

Not includes

  • Tourist Ticket Cusco (Peruvian: 40 soles; Foreigner: 70 soles). Visits: Pisaq, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero and Moray
  • Entrance to Salineras (10 soles)
  • Drinks such as: water, sodas, wine or beer
  • Tips and souvenirs

Findings

We recommend that you bring

  • Passport
  • Camera
  • Warm clothes (in case of cold front)
  • Rain gear or raincoat (long poncho)
  • Wide brim hat, sunglasses and sunscreen for sunny days
  • Medications and / or personal supplies
  • Small backpack
  • Water

Reservations

RESERVATIONS

For availability of spaces for this service, please contact us machupicchuwondertravel@gmail.com and we`ll send you detailed information, prices, terms and conditions.

Please keep in mind that significant price reductions are available for groups. All our tours are fully guaranteed, departure every day. Contact us for more information for the tour that you are choosing, or to begin customizing your own itinerary.

MACHU PICCHU WONDER TRAVEL is a tour operator travel agency in Peru and the city of Cusco, We really know what we do and offer, We are well managed, with several offices in Peru and a long list of travel destinations, offering all travel alternatives in Perú, from family trips, honeymoon trips and luxury travel, including adventure tours and exploring trips to the jungle, for almost any budget”

NOTE: MACHU PICCHU WONDER TRAVEL, specializes in organizing the ideal travel plan to Peru, with hotels and destinations that you choose, because we have all confidential and promotional rates. For guidance on how to organize your custom package. Please write us.