WHAT IS SOROCHE?
Also known as acute altitude sickness, it is basically a consequence of lack of oxygen. It usually occurs in non-acclimatized people who rise above 2,000 m.m. in less than 1 or 2 days.
When the tourist who arrives in Cusco by plane is the most likely to suffer soroche. Symptoms usually occur within the first 48 hours of ascent (but also much later) and include headache, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, choking sensation, sleep disturbances, vertigo, palpitations and problems of concentration to edema acute lung
HOW DO I PREVENT IT?
The best way to prevent the annoying soroche, is making a gradual ascent. If you have time and can spend the first nights of your trip to Cusco in the Sacred Valley, you will have less chance of getting sick from altitude sickness. It is very important that those who come to Cusco carry out activities gradually. It is advisable to rest the first day, eat lightly and enjoy the delicious coca tea.
As a preventive measure but observing the contraindications, acetazolamide (125-250 mg 2-3 times a day orally) can be ingested 48 hours before the ascent until 48 hours after reaching the altitude zone. The administration of dexamethasone (4mg every 6 hours orally for 48 hours before ascent and during exposure to high altitudes) is also effective.
WHICH IS THE TREATMENT?
If in spite of taking preventive measures the soroche appears, ingest abundant liquids. Paracetamol is ideal against headache and coramina limits nausea. Acetazolamide (250 mg 2-4 times a day orally, maximum dose: 1,000 mg / day) is very effective in combating the disease and accelerating acclimation. In all cases it is preferable to consult a doctor and observe the contraindications.
Do not expect to feel too bad to request oxygen. You can find it in some hotels, pharmacies and hospitals. If so, request oxygen at a flow of 2-3 l / min.
WHAT DOCUMENTS AND PERMITS DO I NEED?
The use of the Passport is valid, the visa is not necessary. For people wishing to travel to the Amazon it is necessary to have the certificate of vaccination against yellow fever and malaria, also for people suffering from the heart to have a medical check-up.
WHAT IS THE LOCAL CURRENCY AND ACCEPT CREDIT CARDS?
The local currency is the “Nuevo Sol” plus or minus one dollar equals 3.35 nuevos soles (MAY, 2019). Foreign currency and credit cards with worldwide acceptance are accepted.
WHAT IS THE LANGUAGE YOU SPEAK?
Spanish is the official language, the language of the Incas (Quechua) is also spoken everywhere.
WHAT IS THE TIME DIFFERENCE?
There are six to seven hours of difference with Europe, for example: 20: 00 hs. in Italy = 13:00 hs in Peru.
WHAT IS THE AMOUNT OF VOLTAGE USED IN PERU?